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Crystal structure of manganese gallium germanium silicon ...

Crystal structure of manganese gallium germanium silicon oxide (garnet type), Mn 3(Ga 2–yMn y)(Ge 3–zSi z)O 12 (y= 0.6, z= 0.14; y= 0.44, z= 0), and of manganese gallium germanium silicon oxide (braunite type),

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Gadolinium gallium garnet - Wikipedia

Gadolinium Gallium Garnet (GGG, Gd 3 Ga 5 O 12) is a synthetic crystalline material of the garnet group, with good mechanical, thermal, and optical properties. [further explanation needed] It is typically colorless.It has a cubic lattice, a density of 7.08 g/cm 3 and its Mohs hardness is variously noted as 6.5 and 7.5. Its crystals are produced with the Czochralski method.

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Stabilization of cubic lithium-stuffed garnets of the type ...

Lithium-stuffed garnets of the LLZO type, with cubic structure and fast lithium ion conductivity (up to ∼5 × 10 −4 S cm −1), have been stabilized by gallium addition. This new approach of stabilizing cubic HT-LLZO phases provides materials with good sinterability at …

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Use of the erbium, chromium:yttrium-scandium-gallium ...

Use of the erbium, chromium:yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet laser on human enamel tissues. Influence of the air-water spray on the laser-tissue interaction: scanning electron microscope evaluations. Olivi G(1), Angiero F, Benedicenti S, Iaria G, Signore A, Kaitsas V.

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A comparative evaluation of erbium, chromium:Yttrium ...

Background and Aim: This study evaluated and compared the immediate and 2-month desensitizing efficacy of Gluma Desensitizer, Seal and Protect sealant, fluoride varnish, and erbium, chromium: yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser in reducing cervical dentin hypersensitivity (DH).Materials and Methods: Sixty patients each with at least one hypersensitive premolar were selected and ...

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Terbium Gallium Garnet Based Polarization Independent 850 ...

Terbium Gallium Garnet Based Polarization Independent 850/980/1060 Optical Circulator . Revision: 060 -12. 06-06-11. Ordering Information. OCST- Type Wavelength Grade Package Fiber Type Fiber Length Connector. Polarization Independent=11 Special=10 1060=1 850=8 980=9 Special=0 Standard=1 Special=0 Standard=1 Special=0 HI1060=2

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The Adjunctive Use of the Erbium, Chromium: Yttrium ...

Jun 13, 2016· Objectives: The current periodontal literature has been inconsistent in finding an added advantage to using lasers in periodontal therapy. The aim of this study was to compare treatment outcomes following root surface instrumentation alone (NL group), or with adjunctive use of Erbium, Chromium: Yttrium Scandium Gallium Garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser (L group).

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14K Gold Stud Earrings with Apatite and Gadolinium Gallium ...

A uniquely curated, carefully authenticated and ever-changing assortment of uncommon art, jewelry, fashion accessories, collectibles, antiques & more. Find unreal value with everything starting at $1.

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Gallium-Doped Li7La3Zr2O12 Garnet-Type Electrolytes with ...

Owing to their high conductivity, crystalline Li7-3xGaxLa3Zr2O12 garnets are promising electrolytes for all-solid-state lithium-ion batteries. Herein, the influence of Ga doping on the phase, lithium-ion distribution, and conductivity of Li7-3xGaxLa3Zr2O12 garnets is investigated, with the determined concentration and mobility of lithium ions shedding light on the origin of

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Garnet Value, Price, and Jewelry Information

GGG, or gadolinium gallium garnet, has a high dispersion (.038). Gadolinium and gallium are much more expensive than yttrium. However, with a dispersion close to diamond (.044), GGG makes a wonderful substitute. As with YAG, the dopants used for coloring are also responsible for the wide range of refractive index and specific gravity.

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Modification of the crystal structure of gadolinium ...

The structure of gadolinium gallium garnet (GGG) single crystals before and after implantation by He{sup +} ions has been investigated using high-resolution X-ray diffraction methods and the generalized dynamic theory of X-ray scattering. The main types of growth defects in GGG single crystals and ...

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Garnet - Wikipedia

Another example is gadolinium gallium garnet, Gd 3 Ga 2 ... Rock garnet is perhaps the garnet type used for the longest period of time. This type of garnet is produced in America, China and western India. These crystals are crushed in mills and then purified by wind blowing, magnetic separation, sieving and, if required, washing. ...

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Gallium - Wikipedia

Gallium is a chemical element with the symbol Ga and atomic number 31. Elemental gallium is a soft, silvery blue metal at standard temperature and pressure; however in its liquid state it becomes silvery white.If too much force is applied, the gallium may fracture conchoidally.It is in group 13 of the periodic table, and thus has similarities to the other metals of the group, aluminium, indium ...

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Electrical conductivity of gadolinium–gallium garnet (GGG ...

A p‐type conduction is attributed to O− centres. Significant surface conductivity is observed at lower temperatures. AB - The electrical conductivity of gadolinium gallium garnet single crystals pure and doped with Ca2+ and Mg2+ is measured from room temperature to 700 °C at …

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Gallium-Doped Li7La3Zr2O12 Garnet-Type Electrolytes with ...

Owing to their high conductivity, crystalline Li7–3xGaxLa3Zr2O12 garnets are promising electrolytes for all-solid-state lithium-ion batteries. Herein, the influence of Ga doping on the phase, lithium-ion distribution, and conductivity of Li7–3xGaxLa3Zr2O12 garnets is investigated, with the determined concentration and mobility of lithium ions shedding light on the origin of the high ...

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Quality Magneto Optical Crystals & Pockels Crystals ...

Synthetic Crystalline Material Magneto Optical Crystals Gadolinium Gallium Garnet GGG. High Mechanical Magneto - Optical Crystal Gadolinium Gallium Garnet. Gallium Gadolinium Garnet Magneto Optical Crystals Gd3Ga5O12 Or GGG Single Crystal. Gadolinium Gallium Garnet GGG Single Crystal Substrate For YIG And BIG Film. Piezoelectric Effect Crystals

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Gadolinium-Gallium Garnet - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Z. Frukacz, D.A. Pawlak, in Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, 2001. 8.3 Gd 3 Ga 5 O 12 (GGG). Gadolinium gallium garnet finds application as a substrate material for epitaxial layers of yttrium iron garnet, as they have the same lattice parameters (12.377 Å, Table 2).The stoichiometric GGG crystal can be obtained only by flux growth, which is not very efficient.

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US5302559A - Mixed crystals of doped rare earth gallium ...

A method of growing mixed crystals having at least two lattice sites each having a different number of adjacent oxygen ions from melts of oxidic multi-component systems, homogeneous mixed crystals being grown such that the cations intended to occupy the first lattice site having the highest number of adjacent oxygen ions and to occupy the second lattice site having the next lowest number of ...

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RARE 50s STERLING SILVER STRONTIUM TITANATE-GADOLINIUM ...

the gemstone that has diamond equivalent brilliance looks like a high quality diamond & is what scientists & certified gemologists call "ggg", which stands for gadolinium gallium colorless garnets. it bears a strong resemblance to diamonds.

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Effects of Gallium Doping in Garnet-Type Li7La3Zr2O12 ...

Garnet-type Li7La3Zr2O12 (LLZrO) is a candidate solid electrolyte material that is now being intensively optimized for application in commercially competitive solid state Li+ ion batteries. In this study we investigate, by force-field-based simulations, the effects of Ga3+ doping in LLZrO. We confirm the stabilizing effect of Ga3+ on the cubic phase.

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Yttrium-Scandium-Gallium-Garnet Laser - an overview ...

The erbium-doped yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) and erbium, chromium–doped yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) lasers are also useful in major OMS, although they have not reached the level of popularity of the CO 2 laser. Currently, most major hard tissue procedures (e.g., osteotomies) are too time-consuming when using these lasers.

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garnet germanium type - de-mare-scholen.nl

garnet germanium ore . garnet germanium cono The main driving emerging technologies for the critical raw materials are antimony tin oxide and micro capacitors for Antimony Lithium-ion batteries and synthetic fuels for Cobalt thin layer photovoltaics IC WLED for Gallium fibre optic cable for and IR optical technologies for Germanium displays and thin layer photovoltaics for Indium

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"Gallium-Doped Li7La3Zr2O12 Garnet-Type Electrolytes with ...

Owing to their high conductivity, crystalline Li7–3xGaxLa3Zr2O12 garnets are promising electrolytes for all-solid-state lithium-ion batteries. Herein, the influence of Ga doping on the phase, lithium-ion distribution, and conductivity of Li7–3xGaxLa3Zr2O12 garnets is investigated, with the determined concentration and mobility of lithium ions shedding light on the origin of the high ...

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Gallium-Doped Li7La3Zr2O12 Garnet-Type Electrolytes with ...

Gallium-Doped Li 7 La 3 Zr 2 O 12 Garnet-Type Electrolytes with High Lithium-Ion Conductivity. Jian-Fang Wu † En-Yi Chen † Yao Yu † Lin Liu † Yue Wu † ‡ Wei …

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Implant Bed Preparation with an Erbium, Chromium Doped ...

Background: Implant bed preparation with laser is taken into consideration owing to the increased interest in use of lasers in hard tissue surgery. The purpose of this study is to determine the deviations in the position and inclination between the planned and prepared implant beds with Erbium, Chromium doped Yttrium Scandium Gallium Garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser using stereolithographic (SLA ...

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Gallium-Doped Li7La3Zr2O12 Garnet-Type Electrolytes with ...

Gallium-Doped Li7La3Zr2O12 Garnet-Type Electrolytes with High Lithium-Ion Conductivity Journal Article

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Near-infrared photoluminescence and phosphorescence ...

Garnet-type Y 3 Sc 2 Ga 3 O 12:Cr 3+ phosphor has been synthesized by a solid-state reaction. XRD result revealed the successful phase formation and Cr 3+ doping in Y 3 Sc 2 Ga 3 O 12.The excitation spectrum at about 260, 450, and 630 nm corresponded to three spin-allowed Cr 3+ d-d intra-transitions of 4 A 2-4 T 1 (4 P), 4 A 2-4 T 1 (4 F), and 4 A 2-4 T 2 (4 F), respectively, among which the ...

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Crystal structure of manganese gallium germanium silicon ...

Crystal structure of manganese gallium germanium silicon oxide (garnet type), Mn-3(Ga2-yMny)(Ge3-zSiz)O-12 (y=0.6, z=0.14; y=0.44, z=0), and of manganese gallium germanium silicon oxide (braunite type), Mn(Mn6-yGay)(Si1-zGez)O-12 (y=0.7, z=0.4)

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Faraday effect of bismuth iron garnet thin film prepared ...

12), one kind of garnet-type ferrites, is known to manifest very large Faraday rotation as well as low optical absorption in the visible to infrared region. We report on successful synthesis of thin film composed of single-phase BIG epitaxially grown on single-crystalline gadolinium gallium garnet (Gd 3Ga 5O

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Gadolinium – Properties, Occurrence and Existence

In the case of a CANDU reactor type, the isotope 157Gd is useful to impact in conditions of emergency shutting-down of nuclear programmes. Moreover, the same element is preferred as a burnable poison for nuclear marine propulsion. To imitate diamond stones and jewellery, workers tend to use the Gadolinium Gallium Garnet (GGG, Gd 3 Ga 5 O 12).

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Temperature-dependent luminescence of Ce3+ in gallium ...

Data are presented for both known yttrium aluminum and yttrium gallium garnet systems, as well as newly synthesized inverse garnets of the general formula Mg3Y2−yGdyGe3−zSizO12:Ce (0 ⩽ y ...

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Gadolinium Gallium Garnet (GGG) - Gemstone Buzz

Gadolinium Gallium Garnet (GGG, Gd 3 Ga 5 O 12) is a synthetic crystalline material of the garnet group, with good mechanical, thermal, and optical properties.It is typically colorless. It has cubic lattice, density 7.08 g/cm 3 and Mohs hardness is variously noted as 6.5 and 7.5. Its crystals are made by Czochralski method and can be made with addition of various dopants for modification of color.

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