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thermal conductivity of germanium

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What is the thermal conductivity limit of silicon ...

The lowest possible thermal conductivity of silicon-germanium (SiGe) bulk alloys achievable through alloy scattering, or the so-called alloy limit, is important to identify for thermoelectric applications. However, this limit remains a subject of contention as both experimentally-reported and theoretically-predicted values tend to be widely ...

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What is the thermal conductivity limit of silicon ...

The lowest possible thermal conductivity of silicon–germanium (SiGe) bulk alloys achievable through alloy scattering, or the so-called alloy limit, is important to identify for thermoelectric applications. However, this limit remains a subject of contention as both experimentally-reported and theoretically-p

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Reference Correlations for the Thermal Conductivity of ...

concludes this investigation on thermal conductivity for the liquid metals: bismuth, cobalt, germanium, and silicon. As previously, these are based on critically assessed measure-ments of the thermal conductivity. Values of the thermal conductivity calculated via the Wiedermann–Franz law, from the measurement of the electrical conductivity ...

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Germanium - Electrical Resistivity and Electrical Conductivity

Germanium – Electrical Resistivity and Electrical Conductivity. Electrical resistivity of Germanium is 1E9 nΩ·m. Electrical resistivity and its converse, electrical conductivity, is a fundamental property of a material that quantifies how strongly it resists or conducts the flow of electric current. A low resistivity indicates a material ...

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(PDF) Thermal conductivity of germanium crystals with ...

thermal conductivity for seven samples of germanium, in the temperature range between 2 K and 300 K where the isotopic composition covers the range from highly enriched

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Impacts of Atomistic Coating on Thermal Conductivity of ...

By using nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations, we demonstrated that thermal conductivity of germanium nanowires can be reduced more than 25% at room temperature by atomistic coating. There is a critical coating thickness beyond which thermal conductivity of the coated nanowire is larger than that of the host nanowire. The diameter-dependent critical coating thickness and minimum ...

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Resistivity of Germanium - The Physics Factbook

0.5 Ω·m: Sherwood, Richard. Germanium (Ge)- Germanium.School of Systems Engineering, 19 January 2004. "Absorption of n-type single crystal material was originally found by Capron and Brill in 1973, to be superior to that of p-type germanium from ninety-two samples investigated with resistivities ranging from 0.9 Ωcm to 57Ωcm": 0.009–0.57 Ω·m ...

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Effects of quantum statistics of phonons on the thermal ...

Background. It has been recently shown [] that silicon and germanium nanowires can give a figure of merit of over 2 at 800 K due to strong reduction of phonon thermal conductivity in nanowires as compared with their equivalent bulk material, i.e., the reduction is caused not only by the alloy disorder, but also by the decrease of the phonon mean free path by reduced-dimensional effects.

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Thermal conductivity of silicon at low temperatures ...

The thermal conductivity of several single crystal silicon samples has been measured over the range 2–200°K. Conductivities as high as 35 watt cm deg were observed. The concentration of the impurities (which were p-type in all but one sample) was varied from 10 12 cm −1 to 10 16 cm −1.The thermal resistance for the purest samples is due to point defect (isotope) and boundary scattering.

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The thermal conductivity of germanium and silicon between ...

The thermal conductivity of single crystals o f pure n-type germanium and of p-type germanium containing from 10 14 to 10 19 group III impurity atoms per cm 3 has been measured from 2 to 90° K . In some cases the readings have been extended up to room temperature. Whereas the low- temperature conductivity of the pure specimens is that which one would expect from a dielectric crystal, the ...

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Low thermal conductivity and improved thermoelectric ...

Low thermal conductivity and improved thermoelectric performance of nanocrystalline silicon germanium films by sputtering J A Perez Taborda 1, J J Romero 1, B Abad 1, M Muñoz-Rojo 1, A Mello 2, F Briones 1 and M S Martin Gonzalez

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Thermal Conductivity of Germanium-, Silicon-, and Carbon ...

We present a model calculation of the lattice thermal conductivity of germanium nitride, silicon nitride, and carbon nitride in various structural modifications and in a temperature range where intrinsic phonon scattering is dominant. The applicability of this model has been demonstrated by its successful prediction of the thermal conductivity of over forty different crystalline elements and ...

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Thermal Conductivity of Germanium in the Boundary ...

Thermal conductivity measurements were made on high purity single crystals of germanium. Measurements on sandblasted polished samples were made in the temperature range of 1 to 4.2 K where isotope and boundary scattering are present. For samples with rough surfaces, the measured conductivity showed a strong dependence on the orientation of the rod axis and the width of the …

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Isotope effect in the thermal conductivity of germanium ...

It is found that the thermal conductivity of germanium enriched to 99.99% 70Ge is 8 times higher at the maximum than the thermal conductivity of germanium with the natural isotopic composition. AB - The thermal conductivity of chemically, structurally, and isotopically highly pure germanium single crystals is investigated experimentally in the ...

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CASTEP: Predicting the thermodynamic properties of germanium

Predicting the thermodynamic properties of germanium. Purpose: Introduces the use of CASTEP for calculating linear response and thermodynamic properties. Modules: Materials Visualizer, CASTEP Time: Prerequisites: Predicting the lattice parameters of AlAs from first principles Background. Linear response, or density functional perturbation theory (DFPT), is one of the most popular methods of ab ...

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Experimental Investigation of Size Effects on the Thermal ...

Experimental Investigation of Size Effects on the Thermal Conductivity of Silicon-Germanium Alloy Thin Films Ramez Cheaito,1 John C. Duda,1,2 Thomas E. Beechem,2 Khalid Hattar,2 Jon F. Ihlefeld,2 Douglas L. Medlin,3 Mark A. Rodriguez,2 Michael J. Campion,2,4 Edward S. Piekos,2 and Patrick E. Hopkins1,* 1Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of ia, …

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Conductivity of germanium | IOPSpark

Typically, the germanium slice (n type) should be approximately 5 mm square, 1-2 mm thick and with leads soldered as shown; its resistance cold is of the order of 300 Ω.. If the method of mounting the slice without using solder is adopted, then heating with a match becomes possible.

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Germanium - Wikipedia

The thermal conductivity of germanium and silicon . The thermal conductivity of single crystals o f pure n-type germanium and of p-type germanium containing from 10 14 to 10 19 group III impurity atoms per cm 3 has been measured from 2 to 90° K . In some cases the readings have been extended up to room temperature.

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Silicon and Germanium Technical Information and White ...

Thermal Expansion: 6.0 µm•m−1•K−1 Thermal Conductivity: 60.2 W•m−1•K−1 Electrical Resistivity: 1 Ω•m at 20°C Band Gap: 0.67 eV (at 300 K) Young's Modulus: 103 GPa Shear Modulus: 41 GPa Bulk Modulus: 75 GPa Poisson Ratio: 0.26 Mohs Hardness: 6.0 Knoop Hardness: 780 CAS Number: Transmission Range: 1.8 to 23 μm ...

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Reference Correlations for the Thermal Conductivity of ...

Aug 08, 2017· The proposed standard reference correlations for the thermal conductivity of liquid bismuth, cobalt, germanium, and silicon are respectively characterized by uncertainties of 10, 15, 16 and 15% at the 95% confidence level.

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Thermal Conductivity of Metals, Metallic Elements and Alloys

275 · Thermal Conductivity - k - is the quantity of heat transmitted due to an unit temperature …

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Ultra-low thermal conductivities in large-area Si-Ge ...

The lowest value at room temperature thermal conductivity is achieved for an alloy with 20% germanium concentration in silicon (~9 W K −1 m −1), as expected, which however, is still large for thermoelectric applications. In order to reduce the thermal conductivity on these structures even more, advanced materials engineering is desired ...

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Thermal conductivity of silicon, germanium, III–V ...

5. High-temperature thermal conductivity of germanium. 16- High purity~10~5 N-type 32 24 N-Type: 1.4 X106/cm3 I.2 XI0~9(Znvcm3: P-type e 0 40 BO 120 160 200 Temperature, FIG. 6. Low-temperature thermal conductivity of gallium arsenide. contribution to the thermal conductivity can be observed in a very pure sample of a large band-gap material.

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Germanium - Thermal Conductivity - Periodic Table

Germanium – Thermal Conductivity. Thermal conductivity of Germanium is 59.9 W/(m·K). The heat transfer characteristics of a solid material are measured by a property called the thermal conductivity, k (or λ), measured in W/m.K. It is a measure of a substance's ability to …

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[PDF] Role of Phonon Dispersion in Lattice Thermal ...

In the con- text of the improved dispersion model, some issues with the Holland relaxation time model are addressed. 2 Thermal Conductivity Model By solving the BTE and using the Fourier law of conduction, the thermal conductivity of germanium, assuming an isotropic crystal, and neglecting the contributions of optical phonons, has been ...

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[PDF] Temperature-dependent Thermal Conductivity of a ...

DOI: 10.1103/physrevapplied.13.054008 Corpus ID: 218719439. Temperature-dependent Thermal Conductivity of a Single Germanium Nanowire Measured by Optothermal Raman Spectroscopy @article{Sett2020TemperaturedependentTC, title={Temperature-dependent Thermal Conductivity of a Single Germanium Nanowire Measured by Optothermal Raman Spectroscopy}, author={S. Sett and …

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Zinc Selenide (ZnSe) Optical Material

♦ Zinc Selenide (ZnSe) Thorium Coatings ♦ Zinc Selenide (ZnSe) Thorium Coatings SDS. ZnSe is used widely for IR components, windows and lenses, and for spectroscopic ATR prisms. Zinc Selenide is one of the materials of choice for CO 2 laser optics operating at 10.6 microns. ♦ Zinc Selenide IR Transmission data table ©2019.

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The Thermal Conductivity of Germanium and Silicon …

Thermal conductivity of germanium and silicon 505 atoms/cm3. Once more the conductivity is considerably less than that of the previous specimen, but the power of T is reduced to 2-53 between 2 and 30 K. Above 30 K, however, the slope becomes steeper. A similar curve is shown by Ge 12

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PROPERTIES of Ge, Si, and GaAs at 300 K

Thermal conductivity at 300 K (W/cm-ºC) 0.6 1.5 0.46 Thermal diffusivity (cm2/s) 0.36 0.9 0.24 Vapor pressure (Pa) 1 at 1330ºC 10-6 at 760ºC 1 at 1650ºC 10-6 at 900ºC 100 at 1050ºC 1 at 900ºC Source: Sze, S.M. Physics of Semiconductor Devices, 2nd Ed.

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Thermal properties of Germanium (Ge)

Melting point T m =1210 K T m ≈1210 -2.0P (P in kbar) Saturated vapor pressure (in Pascals) for 760 °C - 10-6 for 1330°C -1

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The thermal conductivity of germanium, silicon and indium ...

Abstract Measurements have been made of the thermal conductivity of germanium, silicon, pure (n = 3 × 1016) indium arsenide and impure (n = 1019) indium arsenide. In each case the electronic contribution K e to thermal conductivity has been calculated and the phonon contribution K L estimated by subtraction of K e from the experimental values.

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Molecular dynamics investigation of the thermal ...

Molecular dynamics investigation of the thermal conductivity of ternary silicon–germanium–tin alloys Yongjin Lee1 and Gyeong S Hwang2 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712, United States of America E-mail: [email protected] Received 27 July 2017, revised 11 October 2017

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Isotope effect in the thermal conductivity of germanium ...

The thermal conductivity of chemically, structurally, and isotopically highly pure germanium single crystals is investigated experimentally in the temperature range from 2 to 300 K.

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